URBANIZATION’S CHANGING NATURE: INDUSTRIAL HAZARDS, SYSTEMIC RISK & THE REMAKING OF AMERICAN CITIES
Thursday, February 19th
12-1:15pm, Sewall Hall 570 Rice University www.anthropology.rice.edu
Sustainable societies of the 21st Century will require sustainable cities. This talk embraces that challenge by treating cities as laboratories of possibility for forging a more comprehensive, socio-environmental theory of urbanization. Empirical demonstration will come from a unique historical-comparative analysis of hazardous industrial site accumulation in four U.S. cities over the past half-century. Results show how three iterative processes – hazardous industrial churning, residential churning, and risk containment – intersect to produce successive socio-environmental changes that are highly relevant to but often missed by research on urban growth machines, environmental inequality and systemic risk.
For more information, please see the Poster
Bio: James Elliott received his Ph.D. in Sociology (with a minor in Geography) from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1997, after which he worked as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Before coming to Rice he received tenure at the University of Oregon and Tulane University, where he earned university-wide teaching awards for undergraduate, graduate and service-learning education.
His early research focused primarily on urban development and social inequality with emphasis on racial, ethnic and gender stratification. It examined how internal migration shapes and reshapes the urban system; how globalization contributes to structural underemployment; how neighborhood segregation shapes job networks and opportunities; how ethnic divisions of labor form and persist over time; and, how race and gender intersect to open and close access to workplace power in diverse urban labor markets.
More recent research incorporates growing emphasis on urban-environmental change in three related areas. One focuses on social inequalities revealed and exacerbated by natural hazards and local recoveries; another focuses on the historical accumulation and systemic spread of hazardous wastes in urban areas; and, the third focuses on links between urbanization and carbon emissions at and from the local level. These lines of research conceptualize urbanization as an ongoing interaction of social and environmental processes that feedback over time and space to shape prospects of a sustainable future.
Prof. Elliott has received funding from multiple federal agencies; served as an advisor to the National Science Foundation’s program in Sociology; and currently co-edits the journal Sociological Perspectives.